Flu Infections - Drs Chua & Partners
 

Flu Infections

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Flu infections are caused by Influenza virus types A, B and C with the former 2 responsible for seasonal outbreaks. In Singapore, the virus season follows the Southern Hemisphere.

Symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, joint and muscle aches and pains and fatigue.

Small children may not always be able to verbalize how they feel. If your child is feeding well and is otherwise playing going about his activities normally, hydrate your child well and see your doctor if you are still concerned.

Seek urgent medical attention if your child displays the following warning signs:

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Bluish Skin colour
  • Fever with a rash
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that he/she does not want to be held

Spread is easy but can be managed or contained.

You can help contain the spread of the infection by taking a few simple steps:

  • Vaccinate. Flu vaccines are readily available from your General Practitioner. This is updated regularly so be sure to vaccinate yourself on an annual basis. Remember that the vaccine takes 2 weeks to take effect so plan ahead if you are travelling.

You should vaccinate your child if he/she is:

  • Aged 6 months to less than 5 years
  • Suffers from a chronic disorder of the lung or heart, including asthma
  • Requires regular medical follow-up or hospitalization during the preceding year due to chronic diseases such as Diabetes, kidney, liver or blood diseases.
  • Is taking regular aspirin therapy
  • Wash your hands regularly. This is true for many infections. You may also consider using hand sanitizers.
  • Cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough. This helps to contain the droplet spray that inevitably happens. Use a tissue if you want to avoid contaminating your hands.
  • Avoid crowded spaces. Flu spreads more easily wherever people tend to congregate – in cinemas, school, office buildings. If you are sick, see a doctor and follow the advice given to you.

Getting sick does not always mean you have the flu virus though. The majority of infections are caused by the common cold. Some practices will offer a simple test to determine if you really do indeed have the flu.
Partly adapted from https://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/diseases_and_conditions/i/influenza.html

*Disclaimer : Results vary for individuals. No individual result should be seen as typical.

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